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Five Basic Tips for Beginners to Fly Fishing


Silver and pink fish in a net
Rainbow Trout

Starting into fly fishing can be challenging. Here are 5 tips for you to practice and consider as a beginner angler.

Know Your Fly Fishing Gear:

Whether it's your fly rod and reel, or the types of flies you're using, understanding your gear is vital. Take the time to learn about different fly patterns and when to use a nymph or dry fly. You'll soon understand terms like tippet, leader, and what weight rod you'll need for your local waters.


Read the Water:

Trout, for instance, prefer areas of the water known as "lies" where they can conserve energy and have easy access to food. Target fish in areas that include riffles, pools, and runs. Learning to read these water types can greatly improve your day on the water.


Practice Fly Casting:

Casting in fly fishing is a skill in itself and requires practice. Work on various types of casts, like the overhead, roll cast, and side casts, to adapt to different situations on the water. Most streams have trees and overhangs. Improve your technique and try to eliminate extra false casts.


Observe the Body of Water and Entomology:

Watch for signs of fish activity, such as rises, and observe what types of insects are around. Aquatic insects can leave clues around. Look for mayflies after a hatch in spiderwebs. Caddis will leave their exoskeleton on rocks when they molt. This information can help you select the right fly and determine where to cast.


Patience and Stealth:

Fish are easily spooked by shadows, sudden movements, or noise. Approach fishing spots with caution and minimize your movement. Be patient. It can often take several casts to the right spot before you are able to get a fish to bite. Make sure the fly doesn't land on the fish as it will scared by the fly line. Cast upstream so the fly travels to the fish.




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